Azubike Ononye and Michal Freudenthal experimented with a unique set of repetitive elements using the “waffle” method. Every piece of the structure is bound and connected with the rest. This collective was designed as a of bending and twisting, using digital fabrication methods.

To design this 3D form, Azubike and Michal first created a rectangular shape, then copied it to the z-direction and lofted it using Rhinoceros. The material used was Masonite, as it was stiff enough to hold the form, yet flexible enough to perform the waffle method. The 3D model was separated into sections. Once these sections were cut out by the CNC machine, they slid together and held the desired shape without glue or fasterners. This structure is successful in its use of the waffle method. Using this particular method, Azubike and Michal, were able to create a rigid, yet dramatically bending structure.

One of the problems that the group faced while making this model was that they did not estimate its final constructed size. Also, because of the form, they could not use Grasshopper to construct the waffle, so they manually generated it. Azubike and Michal were concerned about the strength of the waffle but the final result was impressive since the parts made strong connections. Althoughthe waffle bends and twists, the shape that it forms is balanced and freestanding. In the end Azubike and Michal were able to perfectly capture twisting and bending.

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